The 14th session of WMO Regional Association II, held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in December 2008, adopted a resolution to establish a pilot project for the development of support for National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in the areas of satellite data, products and training. After the session, the WMO Secretariat invited WMO Members to join the Pilot Project Coordinating Group, whose members as of 31 May 2011 are Japan (Co-coordinator), the Republic of Korea (Co-coordinator), Bahrain, China, Hong Kong – China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Oman, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Uzbekistan, Vietnam and, as an observer, EUMETSAT.
At the 15th session of Regional Association II held in Doha, Qatar in December 2012, it was decided that the RA II Pilot Project to Develop Support for NMHSs in Satellite Data, Products and Training should continue and become the RA II WIGOS Project from 2013 in light of its importance in improving dialogue between satellite operators and users in the Region.
The Association stressed the importance of identifying and regularly documenting Region-oriented requirements for satellite data access and exchange, following the guidance provided by the “Procedure for Documenting Regional Requirements for Satellite Data Access and Exchange” [See Recommendation 4.2/4 (CBS-15)]. It tasked the Project to develop an initial set of such requirements.
Based on successful completion of the Project plan 2013-2016, the 16th session of the WMO Regional Association II (RA II-16, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Feb. 2017) approved the Regional WIGOS Implementation Plan 2017 – 2020 (R-WIP-II) which includes the RA II WIGOS Implementation Project to Develop Support for NMHSs in Satellite Data, Products and Training.
This project assists NMHSs in RA II to make better use of satellite-related information, in collaboration with all relevant satellite operators. It is necessary to establish close coordination and create synergy between other ongoing projects such as the WMO-CGMS Virtual Laboratory (VLab), and the RA V Task Team on Satellite Utilization, and to provide greater benefits while avoiding duplication of effort.
The RA II Pilot Project 2009-2013 resulted in the following accomplishments:
Issuance of newsletters for RA II members
Establishment and maintenance of project web pages on the WMO Space Programme website
Identification of the status of availability and use of satellite data by RA II Members through an online survey (results are available here)
Assistance to organizing the Asia/Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users Conferences (AOMSUC)
Organization of two Coordinating Group meetings (2011 and 2012)
Reporting to WMO RA II and CBS/ET-SUP
Development of next-phase work plans
The accomplishments of the RA II WIGOS Project (Sep. 2013 - 2016) were as follows:
Support for the preparation of satellite data users in relation to the new generation of geostationary meteorological satellites
Establishment of close coordination between the RA II WIGOS Project and the RA-V Task Team on Satellite Utilization
Establishment of the new webpage of the RA II WIGOS Project (hosted by JMA)
Convening the series of Asia/Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users’ Conference (AOMSUC)
4th conference, held in Melbourne, Australia in October 2013
5th conference, held in Shaghai, China in October 2014
6th conference, held in Tokyo, Japan in November 2015
7th conference, held in Incheon, Korea in October 2016
Conducting the trainings and questionnaires on the utilization of new generation of geostationary meteorological satellites through the AOMSUCs
Quarterly newsletters for RA II Members
Work Plan 2017-2020
This Project includes the following activities:
To facilitate the timely provision of satellite-related information by satellite operator to NMHSs in RA II including developing countries via the project web page, newsletters, user’s conference, etc., aligning with VLab activities to optimize assistance to NMHSs in RA II and coordinating training activities on use of satellite data/products;
To identify requirements and current and planned utilization capabilities of NMHSs in RA II regarding data and products of Earth observation satellites including new generation geostationary meteorological satellites in support of their weather services, including forecasts and warnings, providing a gap analysis in which the capabilities are matched against the requirements so as to develop an action plan to close the gap;
To strengthen capabilities of NMHSs in RA II to use the routine images and derived products from the Earth observation satellites including new generation geostationary meteorological satellites, Himawari-8/9, Feng-Yun-4 series and GEO-KOMPSAT-2 satellites, by user training and guidance on upgrading processing software/hardware, information and tools;
(i) To develop a protocol for NMHSs of the countries in the Region to request event-driven rapid scan imagery; and (ii) to assist NMHSs to utilize rapid scan data in support of DRR in response to their requests;
To continue the issuance of the quarterly newsletters.
Structure of the Project
The Joint Meeting of RA II WIGOS Project and RA V TT-SU for RA II and RA V NMHSs, Jakarta, Indonesia (11 October 2018)
Emergency Support Mechanism of FENGYUN Satellite (FY ESM) [CMA]
China Meteorological Administration (CMA) introduced the Emergency Support Mechanism of FENGYUN (FY) Satellite (FY ESM) in 2018, open to international users who made a request once visited by such extreme events as typhoon, heavy rain, severe convection, forest or grassland fire and sand and dust storm. In this case, the on-duty FY satellite is activated to initiate highly frequent observation of a given area at an interval of up to 5 minutes, processing and generating images and quantitative products, which are provided through such channels as CMACast, Internet and direct satellite broadcasting, to inform the processes of disaster preparedness, mitigation and relief in a timely fashion.
The HimawariRequest service enables registered NMHS users to request particular Target Area observations in order to leverage this flexibility on an international scale. The service stems from a WMO RA II (Asia) regional project to develop support for NMHSs in satellite data, products and training in collaboration with WMO RA V (South-West Pacific) Members.
JMA expects the HimawariRequest service to support disaster risk reduction activities in the region based on the monitoring of extreme events such as tropical cyclones and volcanic eruptions.
We look forward to receiving your contributions to the newsletter!
Articles from satellite operators or from any RA II Member are welcome, regardless of whether they are registered as members of the Project Coordinating Group or not. Topics could include, for example, satellite-related activities, such as how Members have used satellite data to improve weather/climate products.
Satellite Program Division, Japan Meteorological Agency
E-mail: metsat AT met.kishou.go.jp